is the science that studys the organic beings whose remains
As science, it was born in XVIII century, with Cuvier,
though ancient greeks had given some fossil's interpretations
very similiar to the nowadays ones. From the geological
point of view, the finding of some characteristic fossils,
from one period, in discontinuous and far away land stratos,
allows the correlation of the relative age of the stratos.
Paleontology is in the Evolution, Zoology and Botany base.
It is also linked to Genetic, Embriology and Ontology,
allowing at the same time the Taxonomy and Philogeny.
Paleontology can have lot of evidences over the efects
of some causes that explain the history of our Planet,
and its components, which are complemented by the Ecology.
It has had to specialize in a lot of branches: Paleobotany
(knowledge of ancient flowers), Paleozoology (study of
ancient faunas), Paleoclimatology and Paleoecology, that
drive to Paleobiogeografy (study of Fauna and flora related
to the ambience and its geografical distribution), and
Paleoantropology (Man's history).
We'll talk about those sciences in short time.